Morbidity and premature death from cancer results in healthcare spending and lost productivity. The economic burden of cancer is substantial in all countries and this can be reduced by prevention, early detection, and innovating more cost-effective and effective cancer treatments. In the US 2017, estimated cancer healthcare cost was approximately US$161.2 billion similarly in the EU, the estimated cancer healthcare was Euro 57.3 billion
Lung cancer is the most common malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death globally. Lung cancer incidence and mortality are highest among socioeconomically deprived individuals. There were 2 million new cases in 2018 and lung cancer is the most common cancer occurring in men and third most commonly occurring cancer in women.
The leading preventable cause of cancer worldwide is the use of tobacco. It is estimated that 1.3 billion people use tobacco products worldwide and most of them smoke cigarettes. Several other uses of tobacco products include pipes, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco.
Other established causes of lung cancer are environmental exposures to environmental carcinogens such as asbestos, crystalline silica, radon, heavy metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
A history of previous lung diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, bronchitis, and emphysema are associated with an increased risk of lung cancer.
According to the world cancer research fund report on diet nutrition, physical activity and lung cancer published in 2017 and revised in 2018:
Findings on lung cancer
There is strong evidence that:
- Drinking water containing arsenic INCREASES the risk of cancer
- In current and former smokers, taking high-dose beta-carotene supplements INCREASES the risk of lung cancer
There is some evidence that
- Consuming red meat, processed meat and alcoholic drinks might increase the risk of cancer
- In current smokers and former smokers, consuming vegetables and fruit might decrease the risk of lung cancer.
- Consuming foods containing retinol, beta-carotene or carotenoids might decrease the risk of cancer.
- In current smokers, consuming foods containing vitamin C might decrease the risk of lung cancer.
- In people who have never smoked, consuming foods containing isoflavones (a constituent of plants with estrogen-like properties) might decrease the risk of cancer.
- Being physically active might decrease the risk of cancer.
Cancer prevention recommendations
- Be a healthy weight
- Be physically active
- Eat a rich diet in whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and beans
- Limit consumptions of processed foods high in fat, starches, and sugars
- Limit consumption of red and processed meat
- Limit consumptions of sugary drinks
- Limit consumption of alcohol
- Not smoking and avoiding exposure to tobacco and excess sun are also important in reducing cancer risk
About Koru Lifescience
Koru Life science, drug discovery, and advanced formulation research laboratory in Auckland, New Zealand. Koru’s drug research program is about rational drug discovery, focusing on practical and less toxic therapeutics compounds using polypharmacology as an approach; Koru is actively working on several targets. This approach has a significant impact on saving the cost of development, offers therapy for unmet medical needs, and lowers overall healthcare costs.
Writer: Joti Jain
Chairman Koru Lifescience