Nowadays, biologic medicines have successfully saved countless lives of patients with serious diseases such as cancer, autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriasis, blood-related illness, and neurological cases such as multiple sclerosis.
HOW IS BIOTECHNOLOGY USED IN MEDICINE?
Throughout the years, Biotechnology has touched all aspects of health and agriculture. Biotechnology is a required field applied to these sectors to improve the different targeted genes and customized medicines. There are numerous methods applied to biotechnology, such as gene treatment, recombinant DNA technology. A more targeted approach is called polymerase establishment revenge, which uses genetics and DNA particles to make a projected illness and replace them with healthy genes in the physical body in place of the harmed cells.
Biotechnology is commonly used to improve medicines due to the advantages and pieces of knowledge it provides, such as understanding the genetic composition of the human species, the foundational structure of hereditary diseases manipulation, and repairing damaged genes to cure diseases.
IMPORTANCE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN MEDICINE
Medical biotechnology has improved tremendously in recent decades, which lead to multiple innovative techniques that aim to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases. More advanced and innovative methodologies include genomics, pharmaceuticals, DNA sequencing, cell culture, interference RNA, and genome editing. These have effectively improved the growth and understanding of health science through gene sequencing, stem cells for regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and antibiotics. With the steady improvements in research and development, medical biotechnology can become a well-received foundation in health science.
It is widely accepted that any medicine created with or extracted from living cells is recognized as a biotech therapy or biologic. For many years, the produced biologics medicines are used as insulin and certain vaccines. Biologics were created after the introduction of genetic engineering, which improved the medical biotechnology field in the 1970s. By that time, many medical companies realize the new field’s potential and deliver biologics to patients.
Biologics cannot be consumed ad administered to sick people until they have been approved by the governing bodies responsible for regulating drug use and consumption. For instance, the United States of America has the Food and Drug Administration to evaluate these medicines’ safety.
Biotechnology has opened the floodgates for more improved medicines that aid tremendously in diagnosing, preventing, and curing a wide range of illnesses. Human health has always been the primary concern throughout the world, especially now with the introduction of many diseases.
Leading experts in biotechnology estimate that there are over thousands of therapeutic organisms that can aid and pave the way for better and effective medicines. Common ones are different kinds of proteins that contain organisms, biomarkers, genes, and cells. Bioengineers create health technologies and value-adding outcomes that have made considerable upgrades in curing illnesses and diseases and providing a better quality of life for patients.
Through advanced methods in biotechnology, biopharmaceuticals are produced safely and quickly for treating illnesses. Furthermore, biopharmaceuticals do not contain any chemicals and use targeted organisms to synthesize medicine successfully. Large molecules of proteins are the typical origin of biopharmaceuticals. When they are inside the human body, they target dangerous and hidden parts of the disease and obliterate them. Today, scientists and researchers aim to extend and develop biopharmaceutical medicines that can be used to fight diseases related to heart, hepatitis, and cancer.
Pharmacogenomics is the technique that leverages the person’s heredity information to choose the best biotechnological medicine for their illness. This studies the body system’s response to certain medications.