Overview of biotechnology


At its simplest, biotech is technology based on biology – biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet. We have used microorganisms’ biological functions for more than 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.

Biotechnology is the use of biology to solve problems and make useful products. The most prominent approach used is genetic engineering, which enables scientists to tailor an organism’s DNA at will.

Overview of biotechnology


Biotech is helping to heal the world by harnessing nature’s toolbox and using our genetic makeup to heal and guidelines of research by:

Reducing rates of infectious disease;

Saving millions of children’s lives;

Changing the odds of severe, life-threatening conditions affecting millions around the world;

Tailoring treatments to individuals to minimize health risks and side effects;

Creating more precise tools for disease detection; 

Cure severe illnesses and everyday threats confronting the developing world.

biotechnology overview


Biotech uses biological processes such as fermentation and harnesses biocatalysts such as enzymes, yeast, and other microbes to become microscopic manufacturing plants. Biotech is helping to fuel the world by:

Streamlining the steps in chemical manufacturing processes by 80% or more;

Lowering the temperature for cleaning clothes and potentially saving $4.1 billion annually;

Improving manufacturing process efficiency to save 50% or more on operating costs;

Reducing the use of and reliance on petrochemicals;

Using biofuels to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 52% or more;

Decreasing water usage and waste generation; and

Tapping into the full potential of traditional biomass waste products.

Overview of biotechnology


Biotech improves crop insect resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance, and facilitates more environmentally sustainable farming practices. Biotech is helping to feed the world by:

Generating higher crop yields with fewer inputs;

Lowering volumes of agricultural chemicals required by crops-limiting the run-off of these products into the environment;

Using biotech crops that need fewer applications of pesticides and that allow farmers to reduce tilling farmland;

Developing crops with enhanced nutrition profiles that solve vitamin and nutrient deficiencies;

Producing foods free of allergens and toxins such as mycotoxin; and

Improving food and crop oil content to help improve cardiovascular health.

Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner, and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.

There are currently more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines available to patients, many for previously untreatable diseases. More than 13.3 million farmers worldwide use agricultural biotechnology to increase yields, prevent damage from insects and pests, and reduce farming’s impact on the environment. And more than 50 biorefineries are being built across North America to test and refine technologies to produce biofuels and chemicals from renewable biomass, which can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Recent advances in biotechnology are helping us prepare for and meet society’s most pressing challenges.